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Table 5 List of important inorganic materials used to ensure stabilization of MIONPs

From: Multifunctional magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles: diverse synthetic approaches, surface modifications, cytotoxicity towards biomedical and industrial applications

MatricesCharacteristics and applications
SilicaVery stable and easily dispersed in solution
Stable at wide range of pH
Easy to attach several biomolecules, drug, fluorophores, quantum dots, dyes and ligands
Inert and biocompatible
Prevent aggregation of particles
Gold and silverProtect MIONPs from low pH corrosion
Offer extra optical properties
Gold-silver chemistry facilitate easy conjugation with other molecules
Several applications in drug delivery